Symptoms of skin cancer

In this article, we will talk about the obvious and non-obvious symptoms of skin cancer, when they appear, you need to see a doctor immediately.
Skin cancer is a malignant neoplasm of epithelial cells that pose a serious threat to the health of the population around the world. Unfortunately, every year the number of patients with this diagnosis is steadily growing.

At the same time, skin cancer refers to tumors that are fairly easy to visualize, so it is available for early detection and timely treatment and, as a result, for the most favorable prognosis.

About statistics
Skin cancer is the leading type of cancer, accounting for about 15% of all cases of malignant neoplasms. In men, this type of tumor is on the 3rd place, and in women it came out on the second.

According to statistics, the incidence rate increases by at least 5% every year, while oncologists note a tendency to rejuvenation. In 90% of cases, skin tumors appear in open areas of the skin, with 70% of cases in the facial area.

The importance of early diagnosis
Although skin tumors are one of the most common types of cancers, today doctors have a large arsenal of techniques for successful treatment if cancer is diagnosed at an early stage.

There are several types of skin cancer that differ from each other in appearance and symptoms. Malignant skin tumors are divided into two large groups:
- melanoma
- non-melanoma (squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, etc.)

What unites them all is that it is possible to notice the disease at an early stage. Therefore, self-diagnosis is important - especially an examination of the skin of the face and scalp and an attentive attitude to the condition of the skin.
Read about the topic:
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Remember: skin cancer can be effectively treated if an early diagnosis is made and changes are noticed in a timely manner.
NOTA - check your moles!
Safe, or a lurking danger? Check your mole and get the result in 20 seconds!
NOTA measures the impedance (resistance) of cells and gives the result. The bioimpedance method has been recognized by the FDA as a method of noninvasive (without biopsy) diagnosis of skin cancer.

NOTA does not replace a doctor, but helps to find dangerous changes as early as possible and win the most important thing - time for the treatment of the disease!
About the causes of skin cancer
There is no single cause for skin cancer, most often a combination of factors is important:

- Solarium;
- Sunburn;
- Intense tan;
- Congenital nevi;
- Hereditary predisposition;
- Diseases of the endocrine system, especially thyroid lesions;
- Injury to the skin, birthmarks and moles;
- Hypersensitivity to ultraviolet light;
- Age - every year the risk of skin cancer increases;
- I and II skin phenotype – people with fair skin, light or red hair, blue or gray eyes and freckles.
Read about the topic:
"
Remember: skin cancer can be effectively treated if an early diagnosis is made and changes are noticed in a timely manner.
Signs of skin cancer

There are characteristic symptoms for each type of skin cancer, but each of them is characterized by the following symptoms:

1) pain in the area of formation, which may increase with pressure;

2) burning and itching;

3) bleeding and ulceration;

4) discoloration of the skin;

5) oreness and enlargement of lymph nodes near the tumor;

6) compaction of the skin area.


7 non-obvious signs of skin cancer

Pink spots
The appearance of pink spots on the skin always indicates any disorders in the body. In some cases, this may also be a consequence of cancer. In any case, it is important to consult a dermatologist to rule out a dangerous diagnosis.

Scars
The appearance of small scars, regardless of whether there were wounds and other skin injuries in their place, should alert and prompt the idea of an urgent consultation with a specialist.

Pearls
Small round neoplasms on the skin, resembling pearls that appear on the face (eyelids, nose wings, etc.) - can be malignant neoplasms. They belong to the group of basal cell tumors, which originate from basal skin cells. A distinctive feature of such a cancer is the fact that it almost never metastases.

Hyperpigmentation
Areas of hyperpigmentation, that is, darkening of the skin, including under the nails, may be a sign of a malignant neoplasm. Women who wear nail polish on a regular basis, it is not difficult to skip this process, so it is necessary to inspect the fingers during the manicure.

Itchy peeling
The following non-obvious sign is more typical for men, especially those suffering from loss of stripes and peeling of the scalp. The appearance of extensive foci of pink color with peeling on the surface and bleeding wounds should alert. This may be a clear sign of the onset of actinic keratosis and, as a consequence, squamous cell carcinoma.

Ulcers
A diagnostically alarming sign is the appearance of ulcers on the skin that are not prone to healing. It is believed that normally the ulcer is delayed for a month. If this does not happen, and the ulcer is prone to bleeding and the formation of bumps, it makes sense to show it to a dermatologist.

Bite marks
And finally, imaginary or false bite marks may appear on the skin. Unfortunately, they are often missed, blaming them on real bug bites or mosquitoes. However, imaginary bites are not prone to healing, they remain on the skin for a long time, while not accompanied by itching.
Read about the topic:
"
Remember: skin cancer can be effectively treated if an early diagnosis is made and changes are noticed in a timely manner.
Types of skin cancer

There are several types of skin cancer, they differ from each other not only in appearance, but in the rate of development and prognosis of recovery. However, the main feature important for an oncologist is the structure of the tumor. Therefore, a biopsy is prescribed, that is, the sampling of a site of suspicious tissue, for subsequent histology - microscopic examination to determine the nature of the neoplasm.
Read about the topic:
"
Remember: skin cancer can be effectively treated if an early diagnosis is made and changes are noticed in a timely manner.
Stages of skin cancer

Many factors affect the life expectancy of patients, but to a greater extent the stage and form of the process. Skin cancer, like other neoplasms, goes through 5 stages:

Stage 0 — at this stage, only the upper layers of the epithelium are affected, the five-year survival forecasts are 99.9%

Stage 1 — here the tumor begins to spread into deeper layers of the epithelium, but at the same time its size does not exceed 2 cm, the prognosis of five-year survival reaches 95%

Stage 2 — the tumor increases to 5 cm, a small seal is formed, the prognosis of five-year survival is more than 50%

Stage 3 — at this stage, the first metastases are already forming, which are found in regional lymph nodes. At the same time, the tumor grows and already exceeds the size of 5 cm, affecting the deep layers of the skin and muscle tissue. The five-year survival forecasts are 30%;

Stage 4 — is the terminal stage of the disease, which is characterized by multiple metastases to distant organs and tissues.
NOTA - check your moles!
Safe, or a lurking danger? Check your mole and get the result in 20 seconds!
NOTA measures the impedance (resistance) of cells and gives the result. The bioimpedance method has been recognized by the FDA as a method of noninvasive (without biopsy) diagnosis of skin cancer.

NOTA does not replace a doctor, but helps to find dangerous changes as early as possible and win the most important thing - time for the treatment of the disease!
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